The students are introduced to relevant doctrinal and theoretical concepts and will use case studies and scenarios to explore, utilize and critically analyze these concepts. The didactical framework is a blend of discussion, critical engagement and practical application. On completion of the course, the students should be versed in the key elements and concepts that connect operational art, joint operations and operational planning.



Students must possess a BA/professional BA, officer training on an equivalent level or another equivalent degree. Students enrolled in the MA in Military Studies must have completed the Introduction module before this module


Learning Objectives



Understand basic doctrine for warfare on the military-strategic and operational levels, including the distinction between the different levels of war. Understand concepts, theories, and debates from the academic/scholarly literature that are relevant for the conduct of joint operations on the military-strategic and operational level including operational art, operational concepts and planning. Understand the historical context of recent and emerging international operational concepts, doctrine, and campaigns, as well as Denmark’s role within them, based on the academic literature. Understand contemporary western military planning models.



Analyze, critically assess, and reflect on recent and emerging doctrine, operational concepts, and campaigns on the operational and military-strategic level of war using academic concepts, theories, and models from the scholarly literature. Analyze and identify recent and emerging challenges facing Denmark at the operational and military-strategic level of war. Assess military planning models and their usefulness in contemporary and future campaign-specific problems and conditions. Participate in professional and interdisciplinary discussions on planning paradigms.



Respond to complex and unique future challenges on the operational and military-strategic level of war and pro-pose new solutions to said challenges. Utilize research about operational concepts, doctrine, and campaigns on the operational and military-strategic levels. Reflect on joint level operations. Reflect on traditional military planning practices.



The module is divided into four segments that collectively will provide the students with the context and critical skills through which to understand military operations on the operational level.


  • Segment 1: Introduction to Military Operations – an introduction to the different levels of war, basic operational concepts, critical thinking and Denmark’s approach to military operations
  • Segment 2: Operational Art – What is operational art on a theoretical and doctrinal basis? How does a staff support the commander’s operational art? What knowledge and concepts are required for such support?
  • Segment 3: Joint Operations – What are the unique characteristics of the operational approach of each service branch? What are the enablers of joint operations? What is the future of joint operations in terms of multi-domain thinking?
  • Segment 4: Operational Planning – What is the aim and scope of operations planning? How do you conduct an operational estimate? Which underlying methods supports the methodology and how do you apply them as practitioner?



Method of study and work

The course is based on a blended learning model. There will be three presence modules. An introductory 12/12 seminar where the students will be introduced to the course, key operational level concepts and critical thinking. Two further 5-day presence modules will cover the key elements of operational art, joint operations and operational planning. The main activities during the three presence modules are lectures by the course conveners and/or practitioners, syndicate discussions where students critically engage with the course curriculum, group case study-based tasks and group scenario-based planning tasks.


During the self-study periods, the students are expected to prepare by reading the assigned curriculum thoroughly, watch the relevant video lectures, and engage with assigned questions and tasks. In these periods, the students will write individual papers and participate in online group discussions and work collectively to complete a group assignment.


Students will play an active role in all elements of the course including engaging in teacher-led lectures, full participation in all group activities; demonstrate a willingness and ability to present their ideas as well as working independently and in groups during online teaching periods.  


The course will primarily be administered English with teaching content in both English and Danish.



Prøveform: Individual written exam to be written in English or Danish.

Varighed: The exam questions will be provided after the completion of the last module.

Bedømmelsesform: Karakter jf. syv-trinsskalaen

Censur: Ekstern.





Week 35: 01-02 September (12/12 Seminar) - Karup


Week 39: 26-30 September – Svanemøllen Kaserne


Week 48: 28 November – 02 December – Skive Kaserne


April 2022

Officerer fra Forsvaret på niveauet M321 og M331 eller tilsvarende civile. Se også pkt. forudsætninger.

Niveau 7 jf. kvalifikationsrammen for livslang læring.

10 ECTS-point.

20 uger. Deltidsstudium.

Fremgår af uddannelsesskitsen på

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Ryvangs Allé 1
2100 København Ø

Lektor Ian Bowers

Institut for Militære Operationer,




Telefon: +45 20280292


Allan Therkelsen




Telefon: +45 72 81 70 61

KTFM Sascha Hedberg



Tlf.: 728 17082

Sidst opdateret 9. juli, 2020 - Kl. 15.00