Students are introduced to relevant doctrinal and theoretical concepts and will use scenarios to explore, utilize and critically analyze these concepts.


The didactical framework is a blend of practical planning, focused on the three key skills of Factor Analysis, Centre-of-Gravity (COG) Analysis, and Operational Design, alongside lectures, syndicate discussions, and group learning activities.


Students must possess a BA/professional BA, officer training on an equivalent level or another equivalent degree. Students enrolled in the MA in Military Studies must have completed the Introduction module before this module.


Learning Objectives


  • Understand basic doctrine for warfare on the military-strategic and operational levels, including the distinction between the different levels of war.
  • Understand concepts, theories, and debates from the academic/scholarly literature that are relevant for the conduct of joint operations on the military-strategic and operational level including operational art, operational concepts and planning.
  • Understand the historical context of recent and emerging international operational concepts, doctrine, and campaigns, as well as Denmark’s role within them, based on the academic literature.
  • Understand contemporary western military planning models.



  • Analyze, critically assess, and reflect on recent and emerging doctrine, operational concepts, and campaigns on the operational and military-strategic level of war using academic concepts, theories, and models from the scholarly literature.
  • Analyze and identify recent and emerging challenges facing Denmark at the operational and military-strategic level of war.
  • Assess military planning models and their usefulness in contemporary and future campaign-specific problems and conditions. Participate in professional and interdisciplinary discussions on planning paradigms.



  • Respond to complex and unique future challenges on the operational and military-strategic level of war and pro-pose new solutions to said challenges.
  • Utilize research about operational concepts, doctrine, and campaigns on the operational and military-strategic levels.
  • Reflect on joint level operations. Reflect on traditional military planning practices.



The module is divided into 7 elements that collectively will provide the students with the context and critical skills through which to understand military operations on the operational level:

Distance Learning 1 – Overview of Domains DL1
Presence Module 1 – Introduction to Joint Operations PM1
Distance Learning 2 – OCCASUS Scenario Task DL2
Presence Module 2 – Operational-Level Planning PM2
Distance Learning 3 – Operational Concepts Task DL3
Presence Module 3 – The Thinking Piece PM3
Exam (10 pages). EXAM


Method of study and work

The course is based on a blended learning model.


There will be three presence modules:

  • An introductory 12/12 seminar (Module 1) where the students will be introduced to the course, key operational level concepts and critical thinking.
  • A five-day module (PM2) where the students will practice key skills of operational-level planning.
  • A final five-day module (PM3), referred to as “the thinking piece”, where students will reflect on their experience with planning from the linked perspectives of the operating environment, operational art, and joint operations.


The main activities during the presence modules are scenario-based planning tasks (PM2) as well as lectures by the course conveners and/or practitioners and syndicate discussions where students critically engage with the course curriculum (PM1 and PM3).


During the distance learning periods, the students are expected to study and learn by reading the assigned curriculum thoroughly, watch the relevant video lectures, and engage with assigned questions and tasks. In these periods, the students will write individual papers and participate in online group discussions and work collectively to complete a group assignment.


Students will play an active role in all elements of the course. Students will be given tasks where they lead their syndicates during planning and discussions; engage in teacher-led lectures; fully participate in all group activities; demonstrate willingness and ability to present their ideas; and work independently and in groups during distance learning periods.  


The course will primarily be administered & taught in English.


Key dates and times

Date Event & Activities Time Where
2 August 2024 Course start date    
9 August 2024 Kickoff meeting 1400-1500 Zoom
23 August 2024 JOPG Check-in 1400-1500 Zoom
3 September 2024 PM 1 begins 1200 Svanemøllen
4 September 2024 PM 1 ends 1200 Svanemøllen
4 October 2024 JOPG Check-In 1400-1500 Zoom
11 October 2024 Task 1 due 2359 Moodle
21 October 2024 PM 2 begins 1200 Skive
25 October 2024 PM 2 ends 1200 Skive
8 November 2024 JOPG Check-in 1400-1500 Zoom
15 November 2024 Task 2 due 2359 Moodle
2 December 2024 PM3 begins 1030 Skive
6 December 2024 PM3 ends 1400 Skive
17 January 2025 EXAM due 2359 Moodle

All events and activities are mandatory except the JOPG Check-In highlighted in cursive.


Workload overview

The below table show the approximate workload in hours. Students are required to put in hours prior to and between presence periods. Students are encouraged to discuss and plan the workload with their direct primary leader before applying for the course (see also attendance policy below).

Course Element Period in 2024 Appr. Workload Hours Remarks
DL 1 Weeks 32-35 20 Reading “Overview of Domains”
PM1 Week 36 15 Presence (12/12)
DL2 Weeks 37-42 50 Reading OCCASUS Scenario (20 hrs)
Task 1 (30 hrs)
PM2 Week 43 45 Presence (5 days)
DL3 Weeks 44-48 60 Reading academic content (30 hrs)
Task 2 (30 hrs)
PM3 Week 49 45 Presence (5 days)
EXAM Week 50-3 40 10 pages (see FAK-BST 180-14)

Table – Workload overview


Figure – Overview of workload-time(DL = Distance Learning period / M = Presence Module)

Written tasks

Written tasks are pass/no pass. Tasks must be passed in due time in order to attend the exam. If a student receives a no pass evaluation, the student will be given the possibility to rewrite in order to obtain a pass.



Format: Individual written exam to be written in English.

Duration: The exam questions will be provided after the completion of the last presence module (4 weeks to complete and hand in).

Grading: The Danish seven-step scale for grading.

Censur: External.


Attendance policy

According to “MMS studieordning” physical presence at the presence modules is mandatory.


The presence modules cannot be performed online nor will they be recorded. The reason is that the planning elements – along with development of critical thinking skills – are key elements of the module and course. The syndicate work for planning elements cannot be performed in a blended presence/online mode.


Module 1:

If the student cannot attend Module 1, the student is expected to complete a 6-page essay including references and a bibliography. The course director will provide the question and assess the quality of the essay. If the student meets the expectations set out by the course director, they will be allowed to continue the course.


Module 2 & 3:

Failure to attend either module will result in non-completion of the course. 


If a student cannot attend one day of either module, the course director and relevant syndicate leader will determine if a critical skill or topic is missed and what course of action should be taken.


  • If you cannot attend one day of any module please inform the course directors and your syndicate leader.
  • If you cannot attend more than one day of any module please contact the MMS office directly for guidance per the above policy.


If you have questions about this policy please contact the MMS office.



Week 36: 3-4 September (12/12 Seminar) – Svanemøllens Kaserne   

Week 43: 21-25 October – Skive

Week 49: 2-6 December – Skive


May 2024

Officerer fra Forsvaret på niveauet M321 og M331 eller tilsvarende civile. Se også pkt. forudsætninger.

Niveau 7 jf. kvalifikationsrammen for livslang læring.

10 ECTS-point.

22 uger. Deltidsstudium.

Ryvangs Allé 1
2100 København Ø

Thomas Crosbie,

Institut for Militære Operationer,



Fiin: FAK-IMO-VO08

Telefon: 28 99 21 64

Kenneth Pors Straarup 
Telefon: +45 72 81 70 61 

KTFM Sascha Hedberg



Tlf.: 728 17082

Sidst opdateret 8. maj, 2024 - Kl. 09.13