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Military Learning and Experience Management (Militær erfaringsudnyttelse) - bliver ikke udbudt i 2019


Military Learning and Experience Management (Militær erfaringsudnyttelse)  

Military Learning and Experience Management (Militær erfaringsudnyttelse) - bliver ikke udbudt i 2019 

Modulet giver den studerende viden om og forståelse af hvordan moderne militære systemer lærer effektivt, så egne og andres erfaringer kan anvendes til fornyelse af doktrin, organisation og materiel.

The aim is to enhance the capacity of the student for seeing the larger picture of military learning and development and to obtain awareness of the benefits and traps for military development. Students will as commanders, as military educators, and as administrators be better prepared to reflect on and contribute to the use of military experience at unit level, for their service, and for the armed forces.

Course description
"Fools learn from their mistakes, I prefer to learn from the experience of others" Bismarck said, and proved his exceptional ability in war and politics. Then, how should military systems learn from the experience of others rather than from their own, and avoid avoidable mistakes? Has the Danish armed forces learned fast enough and well enough from the recent almost 25 years of international operations? And - as the forces are re-learning combined arms operations - how to extract the relevant experience from history without preparing for the past?

This module provides students with knowledge about and an understanding of how military systems learn effectively so their own experience and that of others may be used for relevant renewal of doctrine, organizational change, and innovative military design. Focusing on the Danish armed forces we look at formalized "Lessons Identified/Lessons Learned" (LI/LL) processes, on how experience from recent conflicts and wars shapes the officers’ corps and the thinking at the political level, drives competition and rivalry between weapons systems, branches, domains, and services, and on how societal perceptions of war and conflict change and alters the armed forces over time.

Based on research, theory, and scholarly literature on military learning and supported by visiting lecturers the students obtain insights into the potential strengths and weaknesses of military learning, experience management as well as techniques, including the use of military history, for better utilizing experience. Three main theoretical approaches will be applied to the empirical cases: (1) Knowledge Management, (2) Sense-making, and (3) NATO guidelines for LI/LL processes.
Acceptance for the module requires enrolment in the Master of Military Studies programme or a military BA (including 'professionsbachelor') or officers' education at a similar level. Independent reading and drafting of reports and presentations during distance learning periods is required. Operational and other military experience and broad knowledge of Danish and foreign forces in the recent decades is recommended, but not required.

Learning objectives

Having completed the module, student will possess the following knowledge, skills and competences:


• General knowledge about how individuals and organizations learn and the differences in learning between the different service branches.
• Specific knowledge about LI/LL processes in military organizations.
• Familiarity with general theory of science in relation to learning theory and experience management.
• Understanding of how military history can contribute to learning in military organizations.


• Ability to systematically collect, analyze and disseminate own military experience and that of others.
• Experience with analyzing how military organizations learn and manage experience.
• Ability to deduct, produce and present recommendations for integration of learning and experience management in organizational change, doctrine development etc.


• Ability to link historical knowledge and experience with present opportunities for change and visions of the future.
• Ability to lead own and others’ motivation for and ability to improve learning and knowledge management in military organizations.

Learning topics

• Learning and experience management in military history
• The Danish Army in Afghanistan and on the Balkans: Information sharing across deployments, learning to learn, evaluation processes etc.
• Experiences of the Royal Danish Navy: Designing new vessels, doctrine development from territorial waters defence during the Cold War to international operations etc.
• Lessons learned in the Royal Danish Air Force: Safety in aviation, data collection and integration of knowledge and experience in future missions etc.

Teaching approach
The course is taught in English (unless all students speak/understand Danish). Danish students will present their written assignments and essays in Danish. The course literature is mostly in English. The course is based on blended learning. Four three-day seminars (three of which at the Royal Defence College, Copenhagen) will be combined with individual assignments and reflections between seminars.

The work-load is set at 5 ECTS of each 27,5 hours of study, in all around 138 hours, in average about ten hours per week. The 138 hours are distributed as follows:
•    40 hours for preparation
•    70 hours teaching
•    28 hours for the individual essay (a case-based task).

Students with limited or without military background accepted for the module must expect a higher work-load to catch up with military concepts and terms. Students not accustomed to reading English texts will initially face an increased workload.


Type: Individual essay exam (maximum 4,000 words including notes equivalents 11 pages of 2,400 keystrokes pr. page).
Duration: First essay drafts in October, hand-in not later than on 25 JAN 2019.
Graduation: The Danish seven-step scale (based on and equivalent to the ECTS-graduation system).
Censorship: External.

The FLEX-module are primarily for students on the Master of Military Studies programme. However, other defence employees of the Danish armed forces and civilian authorities are invited to participate.

Planned Seminar dates 2018:


Sidst opdateret 26-11-2018 - kl. 13:26


April 2018


Master in Military Studies


Level 7
(as per "Kvalifikationsrammen for livslang læring", Danish regulaitons


5 ECTS-point


8 weeks of part time studies in the course of 20 weeks.



8. juni 2018

Course fee

Eksterne kursister: 7.000 kr.

Education councellor

Royal Danish Defence Academy
Ryvangs allé 1
2100 København Ø


Rasmus Dahlberg
Institut for Militærhistorie og Krigsteori,
Royal Danish Defence Academy
Tlf.: +45 728 17716 


MJ Allan Therkelsen
E-mail: alth@fak.dk


Studiekontoret ved Forsvarsakademiet
OASS Sascha Hedberg
E-mail: sahe@fak.dk
Tlf.: +45 72 81 70 82



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