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Aflyst i 2019 - New Technologies in a Future Operation Environment (Nye teknologier på en ny kampplads)


New Technologies in a Future Operation Environment      

Aflyst i 2019 - New Technologies in a Future Operation Environment (Nye teknologier på en ny kampplads) 

Research theme
In contemporary conflicts, increasingly intelligent and autonomous technologies are used to support and augment human capabilities in all domains of operation. However, new technologies introduce both new opportunities and new dilemmas, raising questions about military ethics and command responsibility.  The question is: How do these emergent technologies transform the military and governmental practices of risk management and justification?

The purpose of the flex course is to explore the inherent connection between technology, bureaucracy and legitimacy and to outline a new framework of military techno politics that will allow the students to engage in a critical debate on the development and use of new military technologies.

The ability to read and discuss academic texts in English is required. Knowledge of sociological theories of modern, complex societies and basic discussions about political legitimacy and bureaucracy will be an advantage but not decisive.  

At the completion of the course has acquired the following knowledge, skills and competences:

The student gains a theoretical, research based knowledge of the ethical and political ramifications of emerging military technologies, including an understanding of military and governmental strategies of risk management in the operative, the administrative and the political domain. 

The student will be able to present, analyze and reflect on the applied theories and the empirical cases in order to contribute to current evaluations of the challenges as well as the opportunities of emerging military technologies.

The combination of theoretical perspectives and empirical cases will give the student competence to work with practical issues and dilemmas in the tension between technological development, security and risk management.

The course introduces the students to a number of theoretical as well as empirical perspectives on the use of new technologies in complex military operations. We will refer to sociological theories of justification, critique and legitimacy as well as theories of bureaucracy and science and technology (STS) applied to areas such as cyber warfare, robotics, neuro technology, nanoscience, artificial intelligence etc. In this context, we will discuss the ethical and professional dilemmas that emerge in the military organization and its practices of risk management.

The course is based on 3 key elements:

1. Theories of critique and justification
2. Bureaucracy and legitimacy
3. Military ethics and technology

The course is formed as a practice oriented research program with a high degree of involvement of the students – not only in the theoretical discussions, but also in a number of smaller case studies conducted by the students. In addition there will be guest lecturers from the military organization, the administration, the defence industry and the research institutions.

The course contains four one day modules of attendance with expert presentations, dialogue based teaching and working groups on the following dates:

- Thursday 12 September
- Thursday 03 October
- Thursday 31 October
- Thursday 21 November

All days start at 10:15 and end at 15:00

The student is expected to read selected texts prior to each period of attendance.

The course is completed with a synopsis exam. The exam is conducted as an oral exam based on a written synopsis of max 7200 keystrokes incl. spaces (3 standard pages). 

Duration: Approximately 25 hours, including writing of synopsis and preparation for oral exam.
Grading: According to the 7-point grading scale
Censorship: External

Exam dates
Synopsis to be handed in NLT 02 December 12:00
Oral exam 16 and 17 December
Sidst opdateret 20-06-2019 - kl. 14:07

Date of publication

May 2019

Target group

Students attending MMS and other qualified students for this level of education


Min. 5 - max. 15

Level of Education

Level 7


5 ECTS-point


Part-time study spread over about 15 weeks, including 4 attendance periods of 5 lessons



Date of application

01. July 2019


External students: 7.000 DKK.


Royal Danish Defence College
Ryvangs allé 1
2100 Copenhagen

Course director

Ph.d. Katrine Nørgaard 
Institut for Militærteknologi Forsvarsakademiet
E-mail: kano@fak.dk  
Tlf.nr.: +45 2061 0154 

Director of studies

MJ Allan Therkelsen
E-mail: alth@fak.dk


Sascha Hedberg
Tlf.: +45 72 81 70 82 


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