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Basics of Military Joint & Combined Operations


Basics of Military Joint & Combined Operations 

Basics of Military Joint & Combined Operations 

Basics of Military Joint & Combined Operations

This module addresses questions fundamental to the study of joint and combined military operations, such as: Why “jointness”? How has joint warfare evolved since World War II? What differentiates the operational level of war from the strategic and tactical levels? What is doctrine? And, how can NATO employ the joint force to attempt to solve contemporary military problems? 

The aim of this module is to give students research-based theoretical knowledge and understanding of the art and science of joint and comprehensive warfighting at the military-strategic and operational levels of war. Subjects include the role of civil-military relations in military operations, military strategy and operational art, the levels of warfare, operational concepts and capabilities, and innovation. On successful completion of the course, students will be able to assess the need for, as well as contribute to the development of, future military doctrine, technology, and organization, as well as participate in professional and interdisciplinary collaboration at the operational and strategic levels.

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Learning Objectives
Upon completion of this module the student will have acquired the following knowledge, skills, and competencies:

• Understanding of the military strategic context and how it frames military operations.
• Understanding of the historical and modern conceptualisation of the military-operational level and its function in a military structure.
• Insight into the characteristics that define operations at the operational level.
• Insight into the concept of operational art and how it affects and shapes military operations.
• Understanding of the central historical and contemporary concepts and theories of military operations within the different domains: Land, Maritime, Air, Space, and Cyber.
• Insight into the principles of applying military operational capabilities and functions and how these contribute to a joint and/or combined military campaign.
• Understanding of basic theory pertaining to military innovation, effects-based approach, and centre of gravity.
• Understanding of selected theories and models for interaction and coherence between society, military and warfare.
• [This is required, but not mentioned: Understanding of the jus in bello restrictions on military operations at the military-strategic and operational levels.]

• Describe and differentiate between central concepts and theories to analyse and explain basic elements in specific military operations.
• Describe and differentiate between central theories and models for interaction and coherence between society, military and warfare in order to analyse and assess specific military organizations, their development and execution of missions.
• Discuss the operational level and the concept of operational art in relation to present and future military operations.
• Analyse pros and cons of military command structures in specific military cases.
• Apply acquired knowledge about the military strategic context to explain military operations in historical cases.
• Critically discuss the basic concepts and theories pertaining to the operational level including among others the operational framework, joint approach, joint actions and joint functions.
• Discuss different types of operations to concrete wars and conflicts.

• Assess the need to develop future military doctrines, technologies, and organisations, as well as contribute to their development.
• Participate in professional and interdisciplinary collaboration at the operational and military-strategic levels, and thus make a professional impact by providing expert military advice to decision-makers at the strategic and political levels. 
• Assume responsibility for own professional development.
• Participate effectively in professional debates pertaining to the subject matter areas covered by the module.

The module is based on three presence modules examining the fundamentals of military operations. Central topics covered include the evolution of operational warfare, joint force concepts and doctrine, and the joint functions.

Learning Activities and Work Load
All learning activities will be conducted in English. The curriculum is in English.

The learning activities combine self-study, online activities, lectures, group discussions, and written assignments, including a written final exam paper.

The module takes place between the 1st of July 2019 and the 25th of October 2019. The module has three presence modules:
• From 12 to 14 August 2019 at the Royal Danish Defence Academy at Svanemøllen Kaserne.
• From 28 to 30 August 2019 at the Royal Danish Defence Academy at Svanemøllen Kaserne.
• From 23 to 27 September 2019 at the Royal Danish Defence Academy at Svanemøllen Kaserne.

The work load is set as 5 ECTS-points, with each ECTS-point comprising approximately 27.5 hours for a total of approximately 137.5 hours. Approximately two ETCS-points are allocated to the presence modules and approximately two ETCS-points are allocated to curriculum, midterm paper(s) and various other learning activities. Approximately one ECTS-point is allocated to writing the exam paper.

Type: Individual written exam paper of 8-10 normal pages of 2,400 characters incl. spaces.
Language: English
Grading: Pass/Fail
Censorship: Internal
Deadline: 25 of October 2019

If a student does not pass the exam on the first attempt, the student is required to retake the exam. The student must submit a new written exam paper in English or Danish for grading by internal censorship on pass/fail grading system. The deadline for re-exam paper is normally four weeks from the time the previous exam is returned to the student; however, the exact deadline is set taking the student’s regular job and work load into consideration. Students have a total of three attempts to pass the module exam.

Additional Remarks
Sidst opdateret 13-05-2019 - kl. 09:51

Date of release

May 2019


Students attending the MMS and other qualified participants

Number of Participants

Min 16 - max 56

Education level

Level 7 within the Danish Framework for Life Long Learning


5 ECTS-point


10(/15) Weekes.
Part time

Module Date

Start: 01st of July 2019
End: 25th of October 2019


In accordance with or-dinary procedures for MMS.


Royal Danish Defence College
Ryvangs Allé 1
DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø

Course Director

Maj. Thomas Jellesmark,
E-mail: thje@fak.dk
Tlf.: +45 2326 4844

Ph.D Jon Rahbek-Clemmensen,
E-mail: jora@fak.dk
Tlf.: +45 5090 6907

Institut for Military Operations, Centre for Joint Operations
Royal Danish Defence College

Student Counselor

Cdr. Claus Smith Rasmussen,
Royal Danish Defence College,
E-mail: clra@fak.dk
Phone: +45 728 17062


Admin Office
Royal Danish Defence College
E-mail: studiekon-tor@fak.dk
Tlf.: +45 2555 2204


D 03536127

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