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EU Police Mission and EU Mission for Security Sector Reform in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Engelsk 
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EU Police Mission and EU Mission for Security Sector Reform in the Democratic Republic of the Congo 

Successes, Shortcomings and Lessons Identified
2018 - Gitte Højstrup Christensen & Thomas Mandrup 
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The European Union’s (EU) direct engagement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) dates back to 2002 and should be seen as part of an integrated and multifaceted engagement within the DRC. The European Commission has prioritised peace, security and stabilisation in relation to the DRC, and the EU has been, and continues to be, one of the most vital international donors in the DRC through its humanitarian assistance, rehabilitation and capacity-building programmes. In recent years the EU has increased its support to the country in terms of European-driven initiatives, as well as in close cooperation with other donors such as the United Nations. In 2005 the EU deployed two different missions to the DRC as part of the Security Sector Reform; one aimed at assisting with training the Congolese police (EUPOL), and the other aimed at training the Armed forces (EUSEC). The EUPOL mission was terminated in 2014 and the EUSEC in 2016. Both missions were successful in some areas and failed in others. Despite their shortcomings, the EUPOL and EUSEC missions can provide valuable lessons for future EU Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions and operations. The objective of this brief is to analyse the two missions’ contribution to the overall security situation in the region. Based on these intentions, the following question is raised: Why did the EUPOL and EUSEC missions fall short of achieving their goals, and can anything be learned from their shortcomings?
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Gitte Højstrup Christensen & Thomas Mandrup 
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{{resources.ReleaseYear}} 2018 
{{resources.Language}} Engelsk 
{{resources.PageCount}} 8 
{{resources.ISBN}} 978-87-7147-221-9 
{{resources.ReleaseDate}} 05-02-18
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Afrika
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